Aberdeen History


During the Wars of Scottish Independence, the city was under English rule, so Robert the Bruce laid siege to Aberdeen Castle before destroying it in 1308 followed by the massacring of the English garrison and the retaking of Aberdeen for the townspeople. The city was burned by Edward III of England in 1336, but was rebuilt and extended, and called New Aberdeen.

During the Wars of the Three Kingdoms of 1644-1647, the city was impartially plundered by both sides. In 1644, it was taken and ransacked by Royalist troops after the Battle of Aberdeen. In 1647, an outbreak of bubonic plague killed around a quarter of the population.